The aim of this project is to understand what factors make the European Union a more effective and decisive security actor. Following the analysis of the process that led to the current Common Foreign and Security Policy and Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP), three main arguments are proposed and supported by making reference to the missions debated, initiated and concluded under the Union’s flag. In particular, it is argued that European action is more likely to take place if a United Nations Security Council Resolution exists and other third parties and international organisations have deployed presence to the crisis area, if the conflict addressed is of the intra-state rather than inter-state type and if the interests and positions of Member States are aligned. Given that all Member States have veto power over military missions, consistency among their positions is, in the end, the most important factor. Moreover, three countries are shown to have a pivotal role in the debate over intervention: France, Germany and the United Kingdom. Based on the analysis of the structures and arguments, the third part of this project provides some insights into the current missions in Libya, the Central African Republic and Ukraine. The overall image that emerges is that the CSDP is doomed to remain a highly intergovernmental policy and the Union will be decisive in situations of crisis only when a quick common position can be achieved among the three geopolitical players.
Public Policy & Administration Department
MA in Global Affairs
Committee Member 1
Committee Member 2
Library of Congress Subject Heading 1
European Union -- Foreign relations.
Library of Congress Subject Heading 2
European Union -- Politics and government -- 21st century.
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(2014).The effectiveness of the European Union as an international security actor limits and opportunities [Master’s thesis, the American University in Cairo]. AUC Knowledge Fountain.
Deola, Elena. The effectiveness of the European Union as an international security actor limits and opportunities. 2014. American University in Cairo, Master's thesis. AUC Knowledge Fountain.