The Living Heart Project aims to offer medical practitioners and researchers a full-heart electromechanical computational platform to explore and assess clinical cases pertaining to the left ventricle (LV), and the less addressed right ventricle (RV). It does not, however, provide an easy solution to applying this platform to patient-specific cases that account for a large variability among cases. We, therefore, present a solution to modify the Living Human Heart Model (LHHM) to obtain a patient-specific geometry using the thermal expansion method, with iteratively adjusted parameters that accurately simulate the case of a 72-year-old female patient suffering from secondary pulmonary hypertension caused by mitral valve regurgitation (MR). The patient underwent MV replacement and we simulate the heart from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images prior to surgery and 3 days following surgery. A mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) of approximately 64 mmHg was demonstrated before surgery, along with a severe lack of coaptation of the mitral valve. Reduced function of the cardiac chambers is exhibited in the reduced ejection fraction (EF). We also demonstrate left-side failure, an increase in Global Longitudinal Strain (GLS) and the location of maximum cardiac wall stress located at the mid anterolateral wall of the RV where dilation traditionally manifests. Comparison of patient geometry pre-operation and post-surgery showed a change in shape of the Tricuspid Annulus (TA) in systole. A rigid constraint across the TA was used to simulate an annuloplasty ring, and an increase in ring-widening forces was observed post-operation, with a significant reduction in forces being present in contractile forces on the ring. This model led us to conclude that the patient will likely develop TV annular dilatation and subsequent regurgitation in the absence of intervention. We verify the use of the LHHM for assessing potential remodeling and subclinical RV dysfunction, and subsequent intervention and attenuation of pulmonary hypertension by a mitral valve replacement. The lack of personalization and wide variability have remained a significant reason for the slow adoption rate of computational tools among medical practitioners, but we see this work as a substantial addition to computational cardiology, and foresee a closer integration of such technology to mainstream application among members of the medical community.
MS in Biotechnology
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El Morsy, Mohamed
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(2020).A patient-specific adaptation of the Living Human Heart Model in application to pulmonary hypertension [Master's Thesis, the American University in Cairo]. AUC Knowledge Fountain.
Abdel-Raouf, Yousof. A patient-specific adaptation of the Living Human Heart Model in application to pulmonary hypertension. 2020. American University in Cairo, Master's Thesis. AUC Knowledge Fountain.