Strategic planning has been closely tied to successful management practices. This research reviews some common definitions and models of strategic planning by multiple scholars as well as the importance of the strategic planning process to NGOs, especially local Egyptian NGOs. The purpose of this research is to uncover some of the contextual challenges in the strategic planning and implementation processes that face local NGOs in Egypt and the various ways the NGOs are facing them, and provide recommendations on ways to overcome those challenges. To achieve this, the research adopts a qualitative approach through case studies that aim to explore the perception and practices of Egyptian NGO employees, managers and board members in regards to strategic planning. Analysis of the findings shows that the challenges can be grouped into two main categories: 1) External challenges: these arise as a result of the interaction between the organization and the political, economic, social, and technological aspects of the external environment; and 2) Internal challenges: these are a direct result of management practices within the organization. Based on the findings, the research concludes with recommendations for NGOs to conduct thorough environmental scans; give due attention to monitoring and evaluation; and to seek financial sustainability.


Public Policy & Administration Department

Degree Name

MA in Public Administration

Graduation Date

Spring 6-1-2020

Submission Date

June 2020

First Advisor

Barsoum, Ghada

Second Advisor


Third Advisor


Committee Member 1

Bhuiyan, Shahjahan

Committee Member 2

Kaye-essien, Charles

Committee Member 3



74 p.

Document Type

Master's Thesis

Library of Congress Subject Heading 1

Public Administration


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