Political militaries in popular uprisings: A comparative perspective on the Arab Spring
Political Science Department
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International Political Science Review
Â© 2016, Â© The Author(s) 2016. What determines whether militaries will defect from authoritarian incumbents during regime crises? Variance in military behavior in the Arab Spring has given rise to a debate around this issue. This article highlights weaknesses of the dominant explanation and develops an alternative account of military behavior in â€˜endgame scenariosâ€™. If militaries are politicized institutions that play a major role in regulating access to power under authoritarianism, they are more likely to intervene during normal times, but less likely to defect during mass uprisings. I quantitatively test this argument against data on military coups between 1975 and 2000 drawing on a new variable that allows me to explicitly model the impact of major regime crises. I illustrate the emergence of different forms of politicalâ€“military relations and their consequences in the Arab Spring by drawing on evidence from Syria, Egypt, and Tunisia.
(2017). Political militaries in popular uprisings: A comparative perspective on the Arab Spring. International Political Science Review, 38(3), 363–377.
"Political militaries in popular uprisings: A comparative perspective on the Arab Spring." International Political Science Review, vol. 38,no. 3, 2017, pp. 363–377.