Center for Migration and Refugee Studies

Author's Department

Center for Migration and Refugee Studies

Document Type

Research Article

Publication Date



The refugee situation in Yemen is of interest to academics and field professionals working on migration in the Arab world for a host of reasons. Yemen has the Arabian Peninsula’s largest non-Palestinian refugee population . Yet, despite the apparent magnitude of the refugee population in Yemen, little field research has been conducted on this country and its refugee situation. In addition, the Republic of Yemen is the first and only country in the Arabian Peninsula to have signed the 1951 Convention and its 1967 Protocol. Regardless, Yemen is hindered from fulfilling its international obligations because it is simultaneously one of the least-developed nations in the Middle East. On the other hand, the UNHCR Yemen believes the Government currently to be taking some progressive steps towards fulfilling these obligations and assuming greater responsibility of refugee affairs. The Deputy Representative has called the Yemeni Government a ‘pioneer’ for its efforts in the refugee field. It is therefore an apt time to examine the efforts being made and the problems encountered, as much may be learnt for the experiences of other countries. The position/status of refugees in Yemen is of great interest to the Forced Migration and Refugee Studies (FMRS) Programme at the American University of Cairo (AUC).

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