Title

ﺍﻻﻧﺘﻤﺎﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻴﻔﺔ ﻭﻣﺴﺄﻟﺔ ﺍﻹﻣﺒﺮﺍﻃﻮﺭﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ / Violent Belongings and the Question of Empire Today

Program

ALIF

Find in your Library

http://www.jstor.org/stable/23216070

All Authors

Kaplan, Amy; ﻛﺎﭘﻼﻥ, ﺇﻳﻤﻲ; El Sebaie, Basheer; ﺍﻟﺴﺒﺎﻋﻲ, ﺑﺸﻴﺮ

Document Type

Research Article

Publication Title

Alif: Journal of Comparative Poetics

Publication Date

2011

Abstract

[ﺗﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺗﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺣﺜﻴﻦ ﻓﻲ ﺣﻘﻞ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻨﺎﻭﻝ ﺍﻷﺯﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺤﺚ، ﻣﺤﻠﻠﺔﹰ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﺜﻴﺮ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺨﻄﺎﺏ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺻﺮ ﻓﻲ ﻇﻞ ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﺑﻮﺵ ﻣﻦ ﺇﻧﻜﺎﺭ ﻓﻜﺮﺓ ﺍﻹﻣﺒﺮﺍﻃﻮﺭﻳﺔ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺗﺒﻨﻴﻬﺎ. ﻓﻬﻨﺎﻙ ﻣﻮﻗﻌﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻳﺎﻥ ﻟﻬﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺨﻄﺎﺏ ﺍﻹﻣﺒﺮﺍﻃﻮﺭﻱ: "ﺍﻟﻮﻃﻦ" ﻭﺟﻮﺍﻧﺘﺎﻧﺎﻣﻮ. ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺎﻝ ﺃﻥ ﻓﻜﺮﺓ "ﺍﻟﻮﻃﻦ"، ﺇﺫ ﺗﻔﺮﺽ ﻭﻫﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﻧﺲ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻣﻲ، ﺇﻧﻤﺎ ﺗﺸﻜﻞ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺔ ﻟﻸﺻﻮﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻣﻴﺔ ﻭﻟﻠﺸﻌﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩﻱ ﻟﻠﻤﻬﺎﺟﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﺬﻳﻦ ﻋﺎﺩﺍ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻈﻬﻮﺭ ﺑﻘﻮﺓ. ﻭﻓﻲ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻨﺎﺀ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺮﻳﺔ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ ﺑﺨﻠﻴﺞ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺘﺎﻧﺎﻣﻮ ﺑﻜﻮﺑﺎ، ﻳﻠﺘﻘﻲ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺧﻞ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻲ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺭﻳﺒﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺳﻊ ﻋﺸﺮ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺪﺧﻞ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻕ ﺍﻷﻭﺳﻂ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺸﺮﻳﻦ. ﻛﻤﺎ ﺗﺘﻨﺎﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺗﺒﺔ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻻﺗﺠﺎﻫﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺬﺭﺓ ﺑﺎﻟﺨﻄﺮ ﻓﻲ ﻇﻞ ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﺃﻭﺑﺎﻣﺎ . Urging American studies as a field to address the international crisis, the author’s 2003 presidential address to the American Studies Association analyzes the dramatic shift in public discourse under the George W. Bush administration, from the denial to the embrace of the notion of the American Empire. Two sites are central to this imperial discourse: "the homeland" and Guantanamo. Imposing the illusion of national homogeneity, "homeland" underwrites resurgent nativism and anti-immigrant sentiment. In the incarceration of prisoners at the US naval base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, the nineteenth-century history of US intervention in the Caribbean meets twentieth-century intervention in the Middle East. A new postscript follows these alarming trends under the Obama administration.]

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