Performing Sheherazade: Arab-American Women's Contestations of Identity / ﺗﻤﺜﻴﻞ ﺷﻬﺮﺯﺍﺩ: ﻧﻀﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺗﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ ﺍﻟﻬﻮﻳﺔ



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Sabry, Somaya Sami; ﺻﺒﺮﻱ, ﺳﻤﻴﺔ ﺳﺎﻣﻲ

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Research Article

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Alif: Journal of Comparative Poetics

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[Arab-American one-woman shows and women's stand-up comedy routines have actively worked to refashion collective cultural productions, particularly within a post-9/11 context. These performances are consistent with the ways that many diasporic writers attempt to inscribe orality in their writing by directly connecting their work to oral tradition. Arab-American women re-engage with The Thousand and One Nights and its famed storyteller Sheherazade by repositioning her experiences. Thus, they revive the idea of the infinite creativity originally ascribed to The Nights. Dispersion of stereotypes becomes a governing goal of these women's performances—as identities, affiliations, and collective cultural allegiances are explored and negotiated. ﺗﺘﻨﺎﻭﻝ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻟﺔ ﺗﻄﻮﺭ ﺳﺮﺩ ﺷﻬﺮﺯﺍﺩ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺩﻱ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺸﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻷﺩﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺜﻴﻠﻲ ﻟﻤﺒﺪﻋﺎﺕ ﺃﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺎﺕ ﻋﺮﺑﻴﺎﺕ، ﻭﺑﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺃﺣﺪﺍﺙ ١١ ﺳﺒﺘﻤﺒﺮ. ﻭﺗﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻟﺔ ﺇﺷﻜﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﺩﺍﺀ ﺑﻮﺻﻔﻪ ﻧﻮﻋﺎﹰ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺎﺝ ﺍﻟﺸﻔﻬﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺃﺩﺏ ﺍﻟﺸﺘﺎﺕ. ﻓﺒﺈﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺇﺣﻴﺎﺀ ﺗﺮﺍﺙ ﺷﻬﺮﺯﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺸﻔﻬﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺧﺸﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺮﺡ ﺗﺘﺤﺪﻯ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺗﺒﺎﺕ ﻣﺤﺎﻭﻻﺕ ﺗﺠﻤﻴﺪ ﺣﻴﻮﻳﺔ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺃﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ ﻭﺃﺩﺍﺋﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺴﺮﺩﻱ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻹﺑﺪﺍﻉ ﺍﻟﻼﻧﻬﺎﺋﻲ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻤﻴﺰ ﺃﻟﻒ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﻠﺔ. ﻭﺑﺬﻟﻚ ﻓﻬﻦ ﻳﺜﺮﻥ ﻗﻀﻴﺔ ﻓﻜﺮﻳﺔ ﺃﺳﺎﺳﻴﺔ، ﺃﻻ ﻭﻫﻲ ﻗﻀﻴﺔ ﺗﺮﺟﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻹﺑﺪﺍﻉ ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻋﻲ، ﻭﺍﻹﺷﻜﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺪﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﺘﻀﻤﻨﻬﺎ. ﻭﺑﺬﻟﻚ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﺄﻛﻴﺪ ﻓﻜﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺪﺩﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺮﺩﻳﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺗﻘﻨﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﺩﺍﺀ .]

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