Portrait du poète en pèlerin impénitent / ﺻﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻋﺮ ﺣﺎﺟﺎً ﻏﻴﺮ ﺗﺎﺋﺐ


Hachem Foda



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Foda, Hachem; ﻓﻮﺩﺓ, ﻫﺎﺷﻢ

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Research Article

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Alif: Journal of Comparative Poetics

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[This article evokes several seemingly dissimilar travel experiences: that of the religious pilgrim, the lover's visit, and the hero's trek across the desert, and builds on the assumption that it is possible to discern the similarities between them from their poetic discourse. Not only because all three types of voyages represent recurrent themes in Medieval Arab poetry, but chiefly because the prospect of travel forces the traveler to confront a higher power that jeopardizes the journey's completion. The hero sets out on the journey in spite of its apparent unfeasibility (mumtani'); the lover does not cease to visit his beloved even though his visits are forbidden (mamnû'a); the mystic embarks on peregrinations despite lacking essential travel provisions; and the pilgrim's desire to travel to Mecca persists even after completing the pilgrimage. ﺗﺘﻨﺎﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻟﺔ ﻋﺪﺓ ﺭﺣﻼﺕ ﺗﺒﺪﻭ ﻷﻭﻝ ﻭﻫﻠﺔ ﺃﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ: ﺭﺣﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺝ٬ ﻭﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺐ٬ ﻭﺭﺣﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻄﻞ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺮﺍﺀ٠ ﻭﺗﻔﺘﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻟﺔ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻭﺟﻪ ﺗﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻼﺕ ﺗﺘﺠﻠﻰ ﻓﻲ ﺧﻄﺎﺑﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺮﻱ٠ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻷﻥ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻼﺕ ﺗﻌﺪ ﺗﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﻣﺘﻜﺮﺭﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺮ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻲ ﺍﻟﻮﺳﻴﻂ٬ ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﻷﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺣﺎﻝ ﻳﻀﻊ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻬﺔ ﻣﻊ ﻗﻮﻯ ﻋﻠﻴﺎ ﺗﻬﺪﺩ ﺍﻛﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻠﺔ؛ ﻓﺎﻟﺒﻄﻞ ﻳﻘﺪﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻠﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﻏﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺤﺎﻟﺘﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮﺓ٬ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺤﺐ ﻻ ﻳﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺬﻫﺎﺏ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﻦ ﻳﺤﺐ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﻏﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻨﻊ ﺍﻟﺰﻳﺎﺭﺓ٬ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺘﺼﻮﻑ ﻳﺴﺘﻤﺮ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻻﺭﺗﺤﺎﻝ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻤﺘﻠﻚ ﺯﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻠﺔ٬ ﻭﻻ ﻳﻘﻞ ﺷﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺝ ﻟﻤﻜﺔ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻗﻀﺎﺋﻪ ﺷﻌﺎﺋﺮ ﺍﻟﺤﺞ٠]

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