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Said, Edward W.; ﺳﻌﻴﺪ, ﺇﺩﻭﺍﺭﺩ; al-Naqqash, Lamis; ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﺵ, ﻟﻤﻴﺲ

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Research Article

Publication Title

Alif: Journal of Comparative Poetics

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[Edward Said delivered this Address at the AUC Commencement in 1999, on the occasion of receiving an honorary doctorate degree. The academic space, he believes, is founded on freedom, which he commends in all its forms; opposing all restrictions and violation of that consecrated space. He expresses his belief that the University should be neither a political nor a government institution. It is precisely the role of contemporary academy, he asserts, to keep open the gap between itself and the institutions of society. Moving away from the image of a University where the academic professional and the public authority correspond to the sultan and potentate, Said believes in an alternative model where the academic world is a ceaseless quest for principles and knowledge, liberation, and finally justice. / ﺃﻟﻘﻰ ﺇﺩﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺳﻌﻴﺪ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺣﻔﻞ ﺗﺨﺮﺝ ﺩﻓﻌﺔ ١٩٩٩ ﺑﺎﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﺑﻤﻨﺎﺳﺒﺔ ﻣﻨﺤﻪ ﺍﻟﺪﻛﺘﻮﺭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﻔﺨﺮﻳﺔ٠ ﻭﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻳﺘﺤﺪﺙ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺤﺮﻳﺔ ﻛﺸﺮﻁ ﺃﺳﺎﺳﻲ ﻟﻠﺤﻴﺎﺓ ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﻴﺔ٬ ﻭﻳﻔﺼّﻞ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ ﺍﻟﺤﺮﻳﺔ ﻭﻓﻲ ﻋﻮﺍﻗﺐ ﻏﻴﺎﺑﻬﺎ ﻭﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺮﻭﺿﺔ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ٠ ﻓﺎﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﺔ٬ ﻓﻲ ﻧﻈﺮﻩ٬ ﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﻣﺆﺳﺴﺔ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﻴﺔ ﻭﻻ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ٬ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻫﻤﻴﺔ ﺑﻤﻜﺎﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺤﺘﻔﻆ ﺑﻤﺴﺎﻓﺔ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﺎ ﻭﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﺆﺳﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﻭﺗﺤﺎﻓﻆ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﻼﻟﻬﺎ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺗﺘﻤﻜﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﺑﺪﻭﺭﻫﺎ٠ ﻭﺍﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺇﺫ ﺗﻌﺘﻤﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻮﺭﻳﺚ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺳﺘﺎﺫ ﺍﻟﻤﻤﺜﻞ ﻟﻠﺴﻠﻄﺔ ﻟﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﻳﺴﻴﺮ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﺎﹰ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺧﻄﻰ ﺍﻷﺳﺘﺎﺫ ﻻ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ٬ ﺑﻞ ﻫﻲ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺣﻴﻦ ﺗﻔﺴﺢ ﻛﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻝ ﻟﻠﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻚ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺠﺪﻳﺪ٬ ﻻ ﻳﺤﻜﻤﻬﺎ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺣﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻌﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺮ ﻧﺤﻮﻫﺎ ﺩﻭﻥ ﻗﻴﻮﺩ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺼﺎﺩﺭﺓ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺃﻭ ﺣﻮﺍﺭ ﺃﻭ ﻓﻜﺮ٠]

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