Multi-walled vanadium oxide nanotubes modified 3D microporous bioderived carbon as novel electrodes for hybrid capacitive deionization
American University in Cairo
Third Author's Department
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Separation and Purification Technology
Herein, a promising rationally-designed, high surface area multi-walled vanadium oxide nanotubes (VOx NTs) with a large interlayer spacing (6.5 Å) has been demonstrated as a cathodic dopant for efficient hybrid capacitive deionization (c-HCDI). The VOx NTs enhanced the surface charge of the 3D microporous graphene-like carbon, derived from natural palm tree (CNPT), as verified by Raman profiles and potential of zero charge measurements. The CDI batch-fashion testing has been performed using large surface area electrodes (6 × 7 cm2) and 135 ml of saline NaCl electrolyte. Interestingly, the used c-HCDI showed high salt adsorption capacity (SAC) of 25.0 mg/g for 6 mM NaCl at 1.6 V compared to the symmetric capacitive deionization configuration (s-CDI) that is only sustaining 16.0 mg/g. Besides, the cell demonstrates efficient stable SAC regardless of the initial feed concentration (1.6–25 mM) of NaCl. The charge efficiency of the c-HCDI markedly raised by around 25% over s-CDI for 5 mM NaCl, indicating the improved permselective manner of sodium ion diffusion/intercalation at the VOx NTs/CNPT cathode. Most importantly, the c-HCDI demonstrates a superior salt adsorption retention of 94.7% after 50 successive charge/discharge cycles compared to s-CDI that showed a decline of 7% after only 15 cycles. The Improved surface charge and wettability together with the pseudocapacitive storage manner of the cathode composite illustrate the synergism obtained via the hybrid configuration.
(2021). Multi-walled vanadium oxide nanotubes modified 3D microporous bioderived carbon as novel electrodes for hybrid capacitive deionization. Separation and Purification Technology, 266,
Sayed, Doha M., et al.
"Multi-walled vanadium oxide nanotubes modified 3D microporous bioderived carbon as novel electrodes for hybrid capacitive deionization." Separation and Purification Technology, vol. 266, 2021,