Semi-analytical solution for gable roofs under uplift wind loads

Third Author's Department

Mechanical Engineering Department

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Research Article

Publication Title

Engineering Structures

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A common type of failure observed during hurricane events is the detachment of the roofs of light-frame wood houses because of the inability of the roof-to-wall connection (RTWC) to transfer uplift wind loads acting on the roofs. This paper introduces a computationally efficient procedure for conducting nonlinear analysis of the roofs to determine the connections forces using a semi-analytical solution. The new procedure simulates an entire roof as a continuous beam resting on elastic supports through the use of statically indeterminate slope deflection equations that include shear deformations. It accounts for the two-dimensional spatial variation of the uplift wind pressure. The new model was validated against a three-dimensional finite element model and also through a comparison with the results of experimental testing of a gable roof house previously conducted at the University of Western Ontario, Canada. The model was used to determine the load sharing among the trusses under a realistic load. It was also used to assess the adequacy of using the tributary area method under a code load. Based on the validation results, the semi-analytical solution model demonstrated an ability to predict the response of a roof under uplift wind loads that vary both in time and space. The main advantage of the new model is the efficient computational time compared to three-dimensional finite element modeling. As such this model can be used in the future for conducting probabilistic analysis of the roof taking into account the variation of the connection properties.

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