After decades of male supremacy, it is not surprising to find that social institutions, including the government and the legal system, have a role in maintaining and reproducing the established order of domination. This study seeks to understand the relationship of law to domination. It argues that law serves the dominant society in two ways. The first is that law legitimates power of the established order, relations of domination, and itself. This happens when the practice of law reinforces the established order of domination while maintaining its own principle of fairness. This means that law proclaims a deceitful image of law for all, while in actuality it sustains the unequal distribution of social power. The society, including both powerful and powerless classes, accepts the neutrality and objectivity of law and through this, law legitimates itself and maintains the structure. The second is that law contributes to the reproduction of the established order of domination. In this approach, law is a set of rules, developed throughout history, which assign to each member his/her position in society, whether it is dominant or submissive. This law is not an external force. Rather it is an internal force that employs certain social groups to reinforce the prevailing social norms. The influence of such law educates men into masters of society and women into slaves of the masters. This happens when law reflects the male dominant point of view in its content. Based on these arguments, this study uses the Egyptian sexual harassment law as an example of how law maintains and reproduces the established order of domination. It argues that Egyptian law serves men, first, by legitimating power of the social structure that subordinates women to men and second, by constructing subjects and turning them into dominant male and submissive female in accordance with their social status.
MA in International Human Rights Law
Date of Award
Online Submission Date
Committee Member 1
Committee Member 2
Library of Congress Subject Heading 1
Sexual harassment -- Egypt.
Library of Congress Subject Heading 2
Sexual harassment -- Law and legislation -- Egypt.
The author retains all rights with regard to copyright. The author certifies that written permission from the owner(s) of third-party copyrighted matter included in the thesis, dissertation, paper, or record of study has been obtained. The author further certifies that IRB approval has been obtained for this thesis, or that IRB approval is not necessary for this thesis. Insofar as this thesis, dissertation, paper, or record of study is an educational record as defined in the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) (20 USC 1232g), the author has granted consent to disclosure of it to anyone who requests a copy.
Not necessary for this item
Abdel Akher, N.
(2014).Beyond the rhetoric promises of the Egyptian sexual harassment law: a study of the relationship between law and domination [Master’s thesis, the American University in Cairo]. AUC Knowledge Fountain.
Abdel Akher, Nihal Mostafa. Beyond the rhetoric promises of the Egyptian sexual harassment law: a study of the relationship between law and domination. 2014. American University in Cairo, Master's thesis. AUC Knowledge Fountain.