Abstract

Traditional approaches to the construction site layout problem have been focused mainly on rectilinear facilities where the importance proximity measures are mainly based on Cartesian distances between the centroids of the facilities. This is a fair abstraction of the problem; however it ignores the fact that many facilities on construction sites assume non-rectilinear shapes that allow for better compaction within tight sites. The main focus of this research is to develop a new approach of modeling site facilities to surpass limitations and inefficiencies of previous models and to ensure a more realistic approach to construction site layout problems. A construction site layout optimization model was developed that can suit both static and dynamic site layouts. The developed model is capable of modeling any rectilinear and non-rectilinear site shapes, especially splines, since it utilizes a parametric modeling software. The model also has the ability to mimic the “dynamic” behavior of the objects’ shapes through the introduction and development of three different algorithms for dynamic shapes; where the geometrical shapes representing site facilities automatically modify their geometrical forms to fit in strict areas on site. Moreover, the model provides different proximity measures and distance measurement techniques rather than the normal centroidal Cartesian distances used in most models. The new proximity measures take into consideration actual movement between the facilities including any passageways or access roads on site. Furthermore, the concept of selective zoning was introduced and a corresponding algorithm was provided; where the concept significantly enhances optimization efficiency by minimizing the number of solutions through selection of pre-determined movement zones on site. Soft constraints for buffer zones around the site facilities were developed as well. The site layout modeling was formulated on commercial parametric modeling tools (Rhino® and Grasshopper®) and the optimization was performed through genetic algorithms. After each of the algorithms was verified and validated, a case study of a real dynamic site layout planning problem was made to validate the comprehensive model combining all of the modules together. Different proximity measures and distance measurement techniques were considered, along with different static and dynamic geometrical shapes for the temporary facilities. The model produced valid near-optimum solutions, a comparison was then made between the layout that is produced with the model and the layout that would have been produced by other models to demonstrate the capabilities and advantages of the produced model.

Degree Name

MS in Construction Engineering

Date of Award

6-1-2015

Online Submission Date

June 2015

First Advisor

Ossama Hosny, Khaled Nassar

Committee Member 1

Ezz Eldin Yazid, Samer Ezeldin, Mohamed Marzouk

Document Type

Thesis

Extent

138 p.

Library of Congress Subject Heading 1

Building sites -- Planning.

Library of Congress Subject Heading 2

Proximity spaces.

Rights

The author retains all rights with regard to copyright. The author certifies that written permission from the owner(s) of third-party copyrighted matter included in the thesis, dissertation, paper, or record of study has been obtained. The author further certifies that IRB approval has been obtained for this thesis, or that IRB approval is not necessary for this thesis. Insofar as this thesis, dissertation, paper, or record of study is an educational record as defined in the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) (20 USC 1232g), the author has granted consent to disclosure of it to anyone who requests a copy.

IRB

Not necessary for this item

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