Isis and Nephthys, two iconic sister goddesses of ancient Egypt are well known for their presence in funerary scenes. In representations of the goddesses as a pair on coffins and sarcophagi dating from the Old Kingdom through the Ptolemaic-Roman Period, there is an alternating dominance between which goddess is placed on the headboard and footboard as well as who is placed on right and left proper of vignettes on these objects. This dissertation will examine what influences the positioning, dominance and orientation of Isis and Nephthys, on coffins and sarcophagi to determine how these positions affect our knowledge of female deities, their alternative positioning in art, and the religious ideals of the divine during a particular time period.

Degree Name

MA in Egyptology & Coptology

Graduation Date


Submission Date

May 2014

First Advisor

Ikram, Salima

Committee Member 1

Sabbahy, Lisa

Committee Member 2

Haikal, Fayza


201 p.

Document Type

Master's Thesis

Library of Congress Subject Heading 1

Coffins -- Egypt.

Library of Congress Subject Heading 2

Sarcophagi -- Egypt.


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Institutional Review Board (IRB) Approval

Not necessary for this item