This thesis explores the socioeconomic characteristics which influence the decision of joining HE in Egyt. it assesses the characteristics of the beneficiaries, and identifies the socioeconomic characteristics of students of private vs. free public universities in Egypt. It examines the socioeconomic correlates of joining higher education in Egypt; and among university students the correlates of the choice between joining public versus private university. It uses probit and logit models adjusted for self-selection bias. The study focuses on three key variables to assess equity issues: gender, wealth, and urban/rural/slum residence. Results show that the socioeconomic background of students’ families is highly correlated with university attendance. The main determinants for joining university are wealth, high school score, and type of secondary school attended. The staggering finding is that socio-economic characteristics fail to differentiate between those who attend tuition-free public and those who attend private HE institutions that charge high fees.


Economics Department

Degree Name

MA in Economics

Graduation Date


Submission Date

May 2013

First Advisor

Bouaddi, Mohammed

Committee Member 1

Atallah, Samer

Committee Member 2

El-Edel, Dalia


81 p.

Document Type

Master's Thesis

Library of Congress Subject Heading 1

Education, Higher -- Egypt.

Library of Congress Subject Heading 2

Students -- Egypt -- Social conditions.


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Institutional Review Board (IRB) Approval

Not necessary for this item