The purpose of this thesis is to examine the conformity of gender quotas with the constitutional concept of equality. The importance of this examination is to answer the question whether gender quotas are constitutional. My argument is that gender quotas are constitutional because they address de facto inequality by making women’s representation equal to men’s representation. I argue that Egypt has a history of adopting quotas to guarantee the representation of disadvantaged groups. I also tie the constitutionality of the gender quota to the current political landscape where the Muslim Brotherhood controls the state. I argue that gender quotas will not, most probably, be adopted under the leadership of the Muslim Brotherhood, as they do not believe in equal representation for women


Law Department

Degree Name

LLM in International and Comparative Law

Graduation Date


Submission Date

May 2013

First Advisor

Khalil, Mina

Committee Member 1

Terrell, Jennifer

Committee Member 2

Thomas, Skouteris


53 p.

Document Type

Master's Thesis

Library of Congress Subject Heading 1

Women -- Legal status, laws, etc. -- Egypt.

Library of Congress Subject Heading 2

Women's rights -- Egypt.


The author retains all rights with regard to copyright. The author certifies that written permission from the owner(s) of third-party copyrighted matter included in the thesis, dissertation, paper, or record of study has been obtained. The author further certifies that IRB approval has been obtained for this thesis, or that IRB approval is not necessary for this thesis. Insofar as this thesis, dissertation, paper, or record of study is an educational record as defined in the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) (20 USC 1232g), the author has granted consent to disclosure of it to anyone who requests a copy.

Institutional Review Board (IRB) Approval

Approval has been obtained for this item