This study examines Egypt's agricultural policies, trade policies and their synergies or inconsistence. The analysis of the agricultural sector and its performance over time identifies constraints to increasing production and exports. It also examines the key role of trade in encouraging inclusive agricultural development. After a review of current trends in the agricultural sector and trade policies, the study elaborates on the main policies regulating the current agricultural export sector. It also explores the factors influencing the water scarcity problem and what could mitigate it. This qualitative research attempts to illustrate to what extent the Egyptian agricultural export sector policies are effective, consistent, and reliable. Findings demonstrate that there are contradictions in the guiding principles of these policies, and rectification is required to maintain better results in this sector. In addition, the high price of irrigation water and the government policies of water conservation are not met with policies to encourage introducing water saving technologies to support producers. The study concludes by recommending policy changes to improve trade performance and agricultural production, and to create more consistency with the export policies.


Public Policy & Administration Department

Degree Name

MA in Public Policy

Graduation Date


Submission Date

September 2019

First Advisor

Abdelhalim, Khaled

Committee Member 1

Barsoum, Ghada

Committee Member 2

Kaye-Essien, Charles


77 p.

Document Type

Master's Thesis


The author retains all rights with regard to copyright. The author certifies that written permission from the owner(s) of third-party copyrighted matter included in the thesis, dissertation, paper, or record of study has been obtained. The author further certifies that IRB approval has been obtained for this thesis, or that IRB approval is not necessary for this thesis. Insofar as this thesis, dissertation, paper, or record of study is an educational record as defined in the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) (20 USC 1232g), the author has granted consent to disclosure of it to anyone who requests a copy.

Institutional Review Board (IRB) Approval

Approval has been obtained for this item


First and foremost, I would like to offer my utmost gratitude to my advisor Dr. Khaled Abdelhalim, assistant professor of the Public Policy and Administration Department for his guidance and dedication in helping me complete my thesis. He was always open to advice and support every step of the way. He constantly steered me in the right direction towards completing my work in a timely and efficient manner. I am most grateful for his precious time and careful attention to detail. I would like to acknowledge Dr. Ghada Barsoum, associate professor and the Chair of the Public Policy and Administration Department and Dr. Charles Kaye-Essien, assistant professor of the Public Policy and Administration Department, as the readers of this thesis, and I am most indebted to them for the time they have spent and the valuable comments given on this thesis. I would also like to thank the experts who were involved in the validation of my research: Executive Manager of the Agricultural Export Council, Dr. Ali Hozayen, Senior Agricultural Specialist and Supervisor of Statistics Department at the Agricultural Quarantine, Eng. Gamal Abdel-Baky, and researcher Dr. Hala Abdul-Moneim. Without their dedicated effort and input, the validation of this paper could not have been successfully conducted. Finally, I must express my very profound gratitude to my parents and my brother for providing me with unfailing support and continuous encouragement throughout my journey of study and throughout the process of researching and writing this thesis. This accomplishment would not have been possible without them. Words are not enough to express how grateful I am to have you all in my life. Thank you very much.