Black TiO2 is being widely investigated due to its superior optical activity. Herein, the limitations of the hydrogenation process are unraveled by exploiting the fundamental tradeoffs affecting the overall efficiency of the water splitting process. Different reduction rates are applied to sub-100 nm TiO2 highly efficient short nanotubes. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy reveals changes in the stoichiometry of TiO2 with the reduction rate. UV-Vis and Raman spectra reveal that high reduction rates promote the formation of the rutile phase in TiO2, which is inactive towards water splitting. The electrochemical analysis discloses that low reduction rates induce higher concentration of localized electronic defect states that hinder the water splitting performance. Finally, incident photon-to-current conversion efficiency (IPCE) points out to the optimum reduction rate that attains relatively lower defects concentration as well as lower rutile content, thereby achieving the highest conversion efficiency.


Nanotechnology Program

Degree Name

MS in Nanotechnology

Graduation Date


Submission Date

August 2017

First Advisor

Allam, Nageh

Committee Member 1

AlFiky, Mohamed

Committee Member 2

Hegazy, Aiat


74 p.

Document Type

Master's Thesis


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Institutional Review Board (IRB) Approval

Approval has been obtained for this item


Research Grant, The American University in Cairo