The Egyptian government has not been able to effectively tackle the problem of trafficking of Eritreans and ensure that this crime would stop. Egypt continues to resist that Eritreans who are identified in the Sinai Peninsula are in most of the cases victims of trafficking. The Egyptian legal and institutional frameworks established have focused mainly on few forms of trafficking, neglecting the problem of Eritreans in the Sinai and framing it as a problem of illegal migration. In this thesis, the efforts carried out in Egypt to address the trafficking of Eritreans are analyzed carefully to highlight where the gaps that require bridging are. One of the reasons having a direct impact on the Egyptian inability to address the problem is the many gaps in the international legal framework addressing human trafficking. These gaps include failure to focus on the root causes that lead to trafficking, inadequate protection provided to the victims, lack of necessary international cooperation, tightened border measures, and low conviction rates for trafficking perpetrators. Egypt is recommended to amend its anti-trafficking law, ensure more effective coordination between the stakeholders involved in addressing trafficking, focus on capacity building of its police force and border-patrol in the Sinai, gear its diplomatic efforts towards international cooperation in this field, and work on eliminating the root causes of the crime by empowering the tribes of the Sinai. The thesis has reviewed primary and secondary literature and gathered a clear picture of trafficking in the Sinai through several interviews conducted with policy-makers and officials from international organizations involved in addressing trafficking of Eritreans in Egypt.


Law Department

Degree Name

MA in International Human Rights Law

Graduation Date


Submission Date

May 2015

First Advisor

Natarajan, Usha

Committee Member 1

Beckett, Jason

Committee Member 2

Sayed, Hani


85 p.

Document Type

Master's Thesis

Library of Congress Subject Heading 1

Eritreans -- Egypt.

Library of Congress Subject Heading 2

Human trafficking -- Egypt.


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Institutional Review Board (IRB) Approval

Approval has been obtained for this item


This Thesis would have never been completed without the support of my late father Dr. Guihad Daoud. He was my courage, and my eagerness to complete this degree. I had a dream that he would witness my graduation but I was unable to enjoy this moment with him. I will be grateful to him all my life. I also dedicate all this hard work to my beloved wife Christine who stood by my side for the past years and endured my continuous demands to focus on my studies. I am also grateful to the support I received from my mother, brother and sister who have always encouraged me to go forward with my studies. I appreciate very much the opportunity I had by working with Professor Usha Natarajan. Her comments and meticulous substantive review resulted in producing a better quality of my work. Last but never least; I would like to thank Professor Diana Van Bogaert for her extended support, hard work, and much appreciated comments. Without her help I don’t believe that I would have reached this point. This paper is dedicated to all victims of trafficking in this troubled world. I hope that one day this crime would come to an end.