Power line communication (PLC) has recently attracted a lot of interest with many application areas including smart grids' data communication, where data (from sensors or other measurement units) with different QoS may be transmitted. Power line communications suffer from the excessive power lines' impulsive noise (which can be caused by shedding loads on and off). In this thesis, we present a study of power line communications with unequal error protection for two and four data priority levels hierarchical QAM modulation and space-time block coding. We consider the two commonly used power lines' impulsive noise models with Bernoulli and Poisson arrivals. In our proposed approaches, we achieve UEP on both of bit and symbol levels. Approximate closed form expressions for the error rates are derived for each priority level for both single carrier and OFDM in SISO and MIMO systems. In addition, these simpli fied expressions are used to implement a bit loading algorithm to provide UEP for frequency-selective PLC channels. For the case of MIMO PLC channels, we describe three different MIMO schemes to allow more control over the UEP levels. The three schemes are namely: maximum ratio combiner (MRC) receive diversity, Alamouti space-time block code, and a new structure for a space-time code that allows for unequal error protection at the symbol level. Finally, we apply an Eigen beamforming technique, assuming channel knowledge at transmitter, which improves the BER as compared to the other MIMO PLC schemes.
Electronics & Communications Engineering Department
MS in Electronics & Communication Engineering
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(2018).Unequal error protection for power line communications over impulsive noise channels [Master's Thesis, the American University in Cairo]. AUC Knowledge Fountain.
Ali, Osama Senam Mostafa. Unequal error protection for power line communications over impulsive noise channels. 2018. American University in Cairo, Master's Thesis. AUC Knowledge Fountain.