Hospitals are one of the core elements of a health care system that provide medical service to the patients. Hospital facility management is a complex issue as it involves the management of several complex systems that have a direct impact on the delivery of health care issues. This research focuses on two vital aspects of hospital facility management, (1) level of service provided by the hospital and (2) technical aspects of mission critical hospital subsystems. This study proposes two models in order to maintain and improve the level of service delivered to the patients. The first model operates at the macro-level and undertakes the Network-level Hospital Rehabilitation Trade off model (NEHIR). The model optimizes the scheduling of rehabilitation works through the use of genetic algorithm optimization engine. The model features through five modules, (1) Database module that stores the hospitals data, (2) Backward Markov chain module that estimates the transition probability matrix, (3) Deterioration prediction module that predict the future condition of the asset, (4) Rehabilitation Cost optimization and (5) Multi-objective rehabilitation schedule optimization that conducts a tradeoff between the modified rehabilitation cost and the number of unserved patients. The second model operates at the micro-level and undertakes the Hospital-level Reliability Centered Maintenance model (HOREM). The model optimizes the maintenance tasks for critical subsystems and optimize the allocation of maintenance budget among the hospital subsystems. HOREM model is consisted of five modules as follows, (1) Reliability Centered Maintenance module that was used to define the components, functions, functional failure, failure modes, failure consequence and maintenance type for subsystems components, (2) fuzzy logic system module for determining the probability of failure of different replacement/restoration intervals, (3) Monte-Carlo simulation module determining the probability of failure of different inspection intervals, (4) Multi-objective maintenance optimization module that tradeoff between the downtime and maintenance costs and (5) Systems Integration optimization module that optimize the top management maintenance budget on hospitals subsystems. Two case studies were considered for verification and validation. The first case study is comprised of four hospitals was used for NEHIR model validation. The results of NEHIR model showed 8% decrease in number of unserved patients and 20% saving in rehabilitation costs. The second case study was one hospital that was used for validating HOREM model. The results of HOREM model showed 17% reduction in maintenance costs compared to traditional methods for the same downtime.
Construction Engineering Department
MS in Construction Engineering
Date of Award
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(2016).Optimizing Rehabilitation and Maintenance of Hospitals [Master’s thesis, the American University in Cairo]. AUC Knowledge Fountain.
Ahmed, Mohamed. Optimizing Rehabilitation and Maintenance of Hospitals. 2016. American University in Cairo, Master's thesis. AUC Knowledge Fountain.