Abstract

Film cooling is one of the essential approaches developed to protect the gas turbine blades and vanes from the passing, very high temperature, gases. It does so through covering the surface with a film of coolant air. Experimental and numerical studies have identified the important parameters affecting the film cooling aerodynamic and thermal behavior. Nevertheless, researchers are still concerned with more enhancement of film cooling performance through deeper understanding of the parameters that control coolant jet behavior. Being an important controlling parameter, the coolant nozzle geometry has been optimized in the current study. The analysis was performed in terms of adiabatic film effectiveness and heat transfer coefficient. The remaining key parameters were neutralized through fixing the coolant pipe inlet area and the pitch-to-hole-width ratio. Realizable k-ε model with scalable wall function has been selected to perform the current numerical study, being the most suitable RANS-based tested model in predicting the experimentally reported film cooling indicators at the blowing ratio of one. After proving the model accuracy, it was utilized to verify the cooling superiority of the racetrack slot (rectangular slot with fully round ends) over the typical round hole. Afterwards, the cooling performance of the racetrack slot was investigated at different aspect ratios. The optimum recorded racetrack geometry, having an aspect ratio of seven, served as a starting point for further optimization of the coolant pipe shape utilizing ANSYS Fluent Adjoint solver. The numerical optimization tool allows for a powerful, less-constrained, irregular shape optimization. Starting from the optimum racetrack geometry, the optimum irregular pipe shape was designated in two optimization steps, through which the average adiabatic film effectiveness over the test surface has increased from 0.24 to 0.34.

Department

Mechanical Engineering Department

Degree Name

MS in Mechanical Engineering

Date of Award

2-1-2019

Online Submission Date

September 2018

First Advisor

El-Gabry, Lamyaa

Committee Member 1

Serag El Din, Mohamed Amr

Committee Member 2

Fouad, Mahmoud

Document Type

Thesis

Extent

112 p.

Rights

The author retains all rights with regard to copyright. The author certifies that written permission from the owner(s) of third-party copyrighted matter included in the thesis, dissertation, paper, or record of study has been obtained. The author further certifies that IRB approval has been obtained for this thesis, or that IRB approval is not necessary for this thesis. Insofar as this thesis, dissertation, paper, or record of study is an educational record as defined in the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) (20 USC 1232g), the author has granted consent to disclosure of it to anyone who requests a copy.

IRB

Not necessary for this item

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