Nasteha Ahmed


The objective of this project is to assess the impact of Somalia’s 4.5 power sharing formula on the consolidation of post-conflict governance. Per the peace agreement, seats in parliament are awarded to the four major clans which also dominate the election process. This has led to the perpetuation of many of the same social dynamics that lead to conflict in the past. Even though the 4.5 formula was not included in the constitution adopted in 2012, the elections methods from the formula were utilized in 2017 presidential elections. Although the goal is to move towards a one-man-one vote system, the use of the 4.5 formula in the 2017 elections points to a struggle in establishing this process. This project will argue that clan influence is likely to remain a challenge for Somalia’s transition to democracy until a civilian based voting system is put into place. This research employed the works Ball (1996) and Papagianni (2007) to analyze the success as well as the failures of rebuilding Somalia and impact of the 4.5 formula had on this process.


Public Policy & Administration Department

Degree Name

MA in Global Affairs

Graduation Date


Submission Date

July 2018

First Advisor

Hodgkins, Allison

Committee Member 1

Pinfari, Marco

Committee Member 2

Bhuiyan, Shahjahan


60 p.

Document Type

Master's Thesis


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Institutional Review Board (IRB) Approval

Not necessary for this item


First I would like to thank Allah for helping me get through this difficult thesis process. I would also like to thank my family especially my sweet grandmother Zaynab and my second grandmother Dahabo Sheikh. MY wonderful mother Maryan Ahmed and father Mohamud Ahmed. My amazing aunt Xawa Mohamed, Khadija Ossoble, Raho Janaqow, and Shukri Araye whose support and prayers I could not have done this without. To uncles Ali Tifow, Osman Mohamed Sheikh, and Abdirahman Mohamed who have reassured me of my capabilities. To my siblings, cousins and amazing friends who are too many to name for encouraging me to keep going. I would like to thank my advisor Dr. Allison Hodgkins, whose feedback and guidance have helped me write a thesis on a subject I am passionate about. Finally, I would like to thank my professors, Aly Erfan for believing in my ability to finish this project as well as Dr. Marco Pinfari and Dr. Shahjahan Bhuiyan for their support and taking the time to read my project and helping me improve it.