This study examined the effect of Photovoice on implicit and explicit prejudice towards People with Disability (PWD). Research participants (n=80) were undergraduate students at an American university in Egypt. The participants were divided into two groups; one attended an educational session on disability (n=39) while the other group attended a Photovoice exhibition (n=41). After participants attended either the educational session or the Photovoice exhibition, their level of explicit prejudice was measured using the Attitudes Toward Disabled Persons Scale (ATDP) while their level of implicit prejudice was measured using the Implicit Attitude Test (IAT). It was predicted that participants attending the Photovoice exhibition would display lower levels of both types of prejudice. However, no significant difference between the groups was found. The average scores, across the sample, showed a moderate level of both explicit and implicit prejudice towards PWD. Results were analyzed using SPSS and thematic analysis. Additionally, factors effecting research results were discussed and comparisons with similar researches were made. Finally, research limitations were highlighted and implications for future research were considered.

Degree Name

MA in Community Psychology

Graduation Date


Submission Date

February 2018

First Advisor

Forden, Carie

Committee Member 1

Kotb, Heba

Committee Member 2

Campana, Jillian


72 p.

Document Type

Master's Thesis


The author retains all rights with regard to copyright. The author certifies that written permission from the owner(s) of third-party copyrighted matter included in the thesis, dissertation, paper, or record of study has been obtained. The author further certifies that IRB approval has been obtained for this thesis, or that IRB approval is not necessary for this thesis. Insofar as this thesis, dissertation, paper, or record of study is an educational record as defined in the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) (20 USC 1232g), the author has granted consent to disclosure of it to anyone who requests a copy.

Institutional Review Board (IRB) Approval

Approval has been obtained for this item


I could not have completed any of my graduate work without the following people. I would like to dedicate this work to my father who has always encouraged and helped me pursue my graduate studies. I would like to thank my mother, who is the strongest person I have ever known, for her support and prayers. My husband, for his understanding, patients and support (I know you did your best). My daughter, for being my source of strength and happiness. I would also like to thank my sisters for being there to back me up in times of need. Thank you to my supervisor, Dr. Carie Forden for her kindness, constant guidance, support and encouragement. Thank you to my readers and committee members, Dr. Heba Kotb and Dr. Jillian Campana for your time and valuable comments and input. Thank you to my other professors who have inspired me and grew my interest in the field (Dr. Yasmin Saleh, Dr. Naela Refaat, Dr. Mona Amer, Dr. Mohamed Taha, Dr. Iman Shetta) I have learned a lot from you. Dr. Mona Amer, “I know” you got my back several times and I thank you for that. Thank you to other professors and experts for their time and support and for willing to help without even knowing me, (Dr. Alexandra Gaziz, Dr. Heba Hagrass, Dr. Hala Abdel Hak, Dr. Aly Abdel-latif). Thank you to my peers whom I learned a lot from, both academically and personally. I would also like to thank Helm NGO, Helm Project participants and Helm Club for their trust and cooperation. Thank you Nesma Gad; my internship supervisor, for your support and dedication throughout my internship. Thank you to Dr. Sahar Sobeih and the AUC Conservation Lab for your cooperation while working on the exhibition. Last but not least, thank you to all my dear friends for your understanding and encouragement.