Author

Menna Hasan

Abstract

It is becoming more urgent every day to find an efficient alternative to fossil fuels. This need motivates the search for a low-cost and stable photocatalysts to split water and generate hydrogen gas as a clean and renewable source of energy. In this thesis, novel TiO2-CuO and TiO2-Cu composite nanofibers were fabricated and tested for solar hydrogen generation. The effect of annealing the nanofibers in different atmospheres on their crystal structure and morphology was investigated and correlated to the photocatalytic activity of the materials using XRD, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) techniques, transmission electron microscopy TEM, and Fourier transform infrared FTIR. The optical properties of the fabricated nanofibers were investigated using UV-Vis spectroscopy. The absorption spectra showed that the addition of both CuO or Cu to TiO2 shifts the absorption edge into the visible region of the solar spectrum. The photocatalytic activity and stability of the fabricated nanofibers were tested in a UV-reactor. The metallic copper supported TiO2 nanofibers showed significant enhancement in the amount of hydrogen evolved during the photocatalytic water splitting process. This enhancement can be related to the distinct characteristics of the material including, high surface area and increasing the life time of the photogenerated charge carriers that results in efficient charge separation. The fabricated TiO2-CuO composite nanofibers showed 117% enhancement in the amount of hydrogen evolved during the photocatalytic water splitting process compared to TiO2 nanofibers. On the other hand, TiO2-Cu composite nanofibers showed 344% enhancement compared to that of TiO2 nanofibers. The study showed that Cu is a promising alternative to noble metals as a catalyst in photocatalytic water splitting, with the advantage of being an earth abundant element and a relatively cheap material.

Department

Nanotechnology Program

Degree Name

MS in Nanotechnology

Date of Award

6-1-2018

Online Submission Date

May 2018

First Advisor

Allam, Nageh

Committee Member 1

El-Sheikh, Salah

Committee Member 2

El-Mahallawi, Eman

Document Type

Thesis

Extent

86 p.

Rights

The author retains all rights with regard to copyright. The author certifies that written permission from the owner(s) of third-party copyrighted matter included in the thesis, dissertation, paper, or record of study has been obtained. The author further certifies that IRB approval has been obtained for this thesis, or that IRB approval is not necessary for this thesis. Insofar as this thesis, dissertation, paper, or record of study is an educational record as defined in the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) (20 USC 1232g), the author has granted consent to disclosure of it to anyone who requests a copy.

IRB

Approval has been obtained for this item

Comments

AlGhurair Scholarship

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