Author

Sara Moustafa

Abstract

The discovery of biopolymers, several years ago have received great interest as biodegradable-biocompatible material for several applications. Cellulose acetate, poly (lactic acid) and polyurethane, are widely employed biopolymers owing to their interesting characteristics. However, CA and PLA exhibit poor mechanical properties. Nanoreinforcement is incorporated into CA/PLA and CA/PU matrices in order to overcome their brittle nature and to improve their properties. This research focused studying the effect of blending PLA and PU with CA at different ratios to form new CA/PLA and CA/PU blend using solvent casting method. The second aspect of this study is studying the incorporation of nanoreinforcement material, functionalized graphene nanoplatelets, at different ratios to form new CA/PLA/0.5wt%GNPS-COOH and CA/PU/0.5wt%GNPS-COOH nanocomposites using solvent casting method. All prepared samples were investigated through stress- strain measurements, FT-IR, DSC, TGA, SEM and dry thermal degradation. GNPS- COOH nanocomposites exhibited the best mechanical behavior for all samples. TGA analysis revealed a slight improvement in the thermal stability. DSC analysis showed no effect on thermal stability. SEM showed uniform distribution of the nanofiller in the matrices. The biodegradation of the nanocomposites when placed in an oven at 100C investigated and it was observed that complete degradation occur at day 14.

Department

Nanotechnology Program

Degree Name

MS in Nanotechnology

Graduation Date

6-1-2016

Online Submission Date

May 2016

First Advisor

Madkour, Tarek

Committee Member 1

Zikry, Amina

Committee Member 2

El Gendy, Ahmed

Document Type

Master's Thesis

Extent

77 p.

Rights

The author retains all rights with regard to copyright. The author certifies that written permission from the owner(s) of third-party copyrighted matter included in the thesis, dissertation, paper, or record of study has been obtained. The author further certifies that IRB approval has been obtained for this thesis, or that IRB approval is not necessary for this thesis. Insofar as this thesis, dissertation, paper, or record of study is an educational record as defined in the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) (20 USC 1232g), the author has granted consent to disclosure of it to anyone who requests a copy.

IRB

Not necessary for this item

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