Managing internationally shared rivers commonly lead to disputes among the states sharing the watercourse. In general, these disputes mostly relate to water allocation, equitable and reasonable utilization, and potential for harm. Scholars argue that all of the rules of Customary international water law contradict each other and are vague. According to their points of view, this law is not efficient in resolving these disputes. This paper tries to prove the efficiency of these rules in settling these disputes because they identify the different criteria used to manage internationally shared watercourses. This paper contends that these rules whether substantive or procedural are compatible and can settle any water dispute on an equitable basis. However, the intervention of a third party as a neutral mediator especially international organization is important for narrowing the gap between disputants. To support this argument, this paper will examine the role of mediation in settling the Indus River dispute, and the Renaissance Dam dispute based on the rules of Customary international water law . This paper concludes that the rules of international customary law are coherent and effective in settling water disputes. The problem lies in its implementation, which is related to several factors. These include fact-finding, conflict of interest, and politicization of the dispute. It is for this reason that the intervention of a neutral third party, such as an international organization to act as mediator, is important in settling water disputes.
LLM in International and Comparative Law
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(2016).The role of customary international water law in settling water disputes by mediation: An examination of the Indus river and Renaissance dam disputes [Master’s thesis, the American University in Cairo]. AUC Knowledge Fountain.
Shaarawy, Sayed. The role of customary international water law in settling water disputes by mediation: An examination of the Indus river and Renaissance dam disputes. 2016. American University in Cairo, Master's thesis. AUC Knowledge Fountain.