Physical effects have a significant impact on the IC design which will be investigated in this thesis. Moving toward advanced technology nodes, magnetic effects become more dominant than capacitive effects. As the dimensions of the devices go down and the interconnect manipulates the circuit behavior more and more. Cross talking and voltage drops are affecting the design heavily, however - going to the full electromagnetic point of view - current return path (CRP) adds significant parasitics to the performance of the chip. Neglecting the CRP gives wrong intuition and simulation of the designs, especially that the environment and surroundings can play an important role in defining the current return path. Signal delay and worst-case delay switch pattern can vary significantly when including magnetics and current return path. Image current for spirals significantly affects the inductance value. In the following chapters those phenomena will be discussed together with the ways to minimize their effects.


School of Sciences and Engineering


Electronics & Communications Engineering Department

Degree Name

MS in Electronics & Communication Engineering

Graduation Date

Spring 6-12-2024

Submission Date


First Advisor

Yehea Ismail

Committee Member 1

Hassanein Amer

Committee Member 2

Khaled Salah


69 p.

Document Type

Master's Thesis

Institutional Review Board (IRB) Approval

Not necessary for this item