This thesis challenges the conventional discourse on international punishment that emphasizes the development of a single, unified system of international criminal justice. Instead, it advocates for a pluralistic approach that recognizes the fragmented nature of international punishment, which involves various actors, including permanent courts, special tribunals, internationalized tribunals, and domestic courts exercising universal jurisdiction. The sui generis nature of international crimes demands a comprehensive approach to punishment that considers multiple perspectives and norms of diverse actors involved. Rejecting the notion of universalism in determining punishment rationales and promoting accounts of sentencing consistency, the author asserts that a global framework can accommodate diverse values, norms, and legal systems that can coexist and interact with each other. The study emphasizes the importance of considering local contexts and cultural norms when applying international criminal law to ensure a more nuanced approach that better reflects the complexities of international punishment. The thesis acknowledges the obstacles in integrating local norms into the fragmented structure of international criminal law, but recognizes the importance of establishing a method to incorporate domestic norms in choosing penal responses to mass atrocities. The co-existence of different mechanisms for international punishment would provide a more diverse range of sentencing practices that reflect the different values and norms of the international community. The thesis concludes that understanding international punishment in universalist terms is a hoax as the concept fails to fully capture the intricacies and actualities of international punishment.
School of Global Affairs and Public Policy
LLM in International and Comparative Law
Committee Member 1
Committee Member 2
Hani El Sayed
Committee Member 3
Institutional Review Board (IRB) Approval
Approval has been obtained for this item
Hafez Hassan, K.
(2023).Reparation for The Irreparable: Is Punishing International Crimes a Universalist Hoax? [Master's Thesis, the American University in Cairo]. AUC Knowledge Fountain.
Hafez Hassan, Kholoud. Reparation for The Irreparable: Is Punishing International Crimes a Universalist Hoax?. 2023. American University in Cairo, Master's Thesis. AUC Knowledge Fountain.