The field of Artificial Intelligence (AI) has been gaining considerable attention from many countries worldwide due to its rapid development and its potential benefits in different sectors. One of the leading global sectors that are currently considering the adoption of AI is the education sector. As a developing country, Egypt is gradually realizing the importance of AI and has begun considering the integration of AI in numerous sectors. Despite the importance of the field, there is a lack of published research on the integration of AI in education in Egypt or on the readiness levels of any stakeholders in the education sector, especially in the area of Higher Education (HE). For this reason, this study seeks to assess the AI readiness levels of faculty from three different types of universities (public/private/non-profit) to offer valuable insights for ministries and policymakers on whether the HE sector is ready for this integration. The research also focuses on other critical dimensions of AI readiness, including technological literacy, demographics, and other factors that may impact AI readiness. Additionally, the research analyzes the current challenges in the HE sector based on primary and secondary research and evaluates whether the adoption of AI will resolve such challenges. The research adopts a mixed-method approach, using in-depth interviews with 46 faculty members from 10 different universities to gather the primary data for this research. The findings indicate that the AI readiness of faculty in HE in Egypt is relatively high, as 87% of the participants demonstrated high levels of AI readiness, and was not correlated with the type of university they belong to. Additionally, the research suggests that technological literacy plays a significant role in AI readiness, while demographics were unrelated to AI readiness. Further research is recommended on other sector stakeholders, including students, administrators, and institutions, especially in Egypt, in order to build a solid basis on which policymakers can utilize if AI will be adopted in HE.


School of Global Affairs and Public Policy


Public Policy & Administration Department

Degree Name

MA in Public Administration

Graduation Date

Spring 6-21-2023

Submission Date


First Advisor

Shahjahan Bhuiyan

Committee Member 1

Ghada Barsoum

Committee Member 2

Noura Wahby


p. 86

Document Type

Master's Thesis

Institutional Review Board (IRB) Approval

Approval has been obtained for this item