Polylactic acid (PLA) is a versatile biopolymer that is widely used as a biomaterial. However, one of the major issues which limits its further application in tissue engineering purposes is its hydrophobic nature and poor cellular interaction. Modification of PLA properties can be achieved by polymer blending techniques. Polymer blending is a simple yet attractive method to combine and optimize polymeric physical properties of interest. In this study, an antibacterial electrospun nanofibrous scaffolds, with diameters around 400–1000 nm, were prepared by physical blending PLA with a hydrophylic biopolymer, cellulose acetate (CA). In this stage, PLA was used as the main polymer, blended with CA, at two main ratios (9:1 and 7:3 w/w), to achieve desirable properties such as better hydrophilicity, excellent cell attachment and proliferation. For preventing common clinical infections, an antimicrobial agent, Thymoquinone, TQ was incorporated into the electrospun fibers. TQ is the active ingredient of Nigella sativa and it is well known for its antibacterial properties. The potentiality of the prepared scaffolds, regarding being used as an interactive wound dressing, has been investigated including, swelling behavior, WVP and porosity. The release profile of TQ from the prepared scaffolds was also examined at the physiological pH (7.4) and temperature (37 οC). The antimicrobial efficiency of the prepared scaffolds against gram negative and gram positive bacteria were determined by the agar diffusion assay. The interaction between fibroblasts and the TQ-loaded PLA: CA scaffolds such as viability, proliferation, and attachment were characterized. TQ-loaded PLA: CA scaffolds showed burst TQ release after 24 h, compared with medicated PLA scaffolds, followed by a sustained release rate for 9 successive days. The results also indicated that medicated PLA: CA nanocomposite scaffolds showed a significant antibacterial activity against both gram positive and gram negative bacteria. Furthermore, the prepared scaffolds enhanced cell viability, attachment and proliferation, as compared to medicated PLA nanofibers. The presence of CA in the nanofiberous scaffolds improved its hydrophilicity, bioactivity, and water uptake capacity. Furthermore, it created a moist environment for the wound, which can accelerate wound recovery. A preliminary in vivo study performed on normal full thickness mice skin wound models demonstrated that TQ-loaded PLA: CA (7:3) scaffolds significantly accelerated the wound healing process by promoting angiogenesis, increasing re-epithelialization and controlling granulation tissue formation. Our results suggest that TQ-loaded PLA: CA nanocomposite mat could be an ideal biomaterial for wound dressing applications.
MS in Chemistry
Madkour, Tarek Madkour
Committee Member 1
Ramadan, Adham Ramadan
Committee Member 2
El-sherbiny, Ibrahium Mohamed
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(2016).Fabrication and characterization of antibacterial herbal drug-loaded polylactic acid/cellulose acetate composite nanofiberous for wound dressing application. [Master's Thesis, the American University in Cairo]. AUC Knowledge Fountain.
Khalifa, Salma Fouad. Fabrication and characterization of antibacterial herbal drug-loaded polylactic acid/cellulose acetate composite nanofiberous for wound dressing application.. 2016. American University in Cairo, Master's Thesis. AUC Knowledge Fountain.