The need for improving and increasing crop production, especially in harsh environmental conditions, has promoted the use of technological solutions, tools and automated methodologies inside a greenhouse to provide the best growing conditions for crops. This thesis presents an innovative fault-tolerant model on the access point level for a Networked Control Systems (NCS) greenhouse. NCS provides the ability to monitor and control the internal environmental conditions of a greenhouse such as temperature, relative humidity, and soil moisture. However, there is a risk of failures occurring at the access point level, that must be taken into consideration. Therefore, this thesis provides a comprehensive study on all access point failure cases including single, double, triple and quadruple access point failures. Riverbed Modeler is used to evaluate system performance in terms of Packet Loss Rate (PLR). For single and double access point failure scenarios, the proposed model succeeded in meeting system requirements with lower PLR values below the threshold value with 95% confidence. For triple and quadruple access point failure scenarios, Riverbed simulations showed that the system can tolerate up to three and four access point failures if the remaining active access points are placed in their ideal position within the greenhouse to provide an optimal coverage and lower PLR values. Additionally, a technique was proposed to help system designers balance between system cost (regarding access points) and the cost of system downtime. Finally, a use case is presented to find the point of diminishing returns, in which investing in access points does not only depend on their cost but also on system availability. Markov models are used to measure system downtime by calculating steady state availability (AVss). System availability was calculated by modeling several scenarios using SHARPE. As expected, it was shown that system availability increases with the increase of the number access points inside the greenhouse. While some cases showed that having three or two access points can achieve the same system availability with lower system cost but with a slight increase in system downtime.


School of Sciences and Engineering


Electronics & Communications Engineering Department

Degree Name

MS in Electronics & Communication Engineering

Graduation Date

Summer 6-15-2022

Submission Date


First Advisor

Hassanein Amer

Second Advisor

Ramez Daoud

Committee Member 1

Elsayed Saad

Committee Member 2

Yehea Ismail


74 p.

Document Type

Master's Thesis

Institutional Review Board (IRB) Approval

Not necessary for this item