The structure of the economy of developing countries and the political forces at play are different from their counterparts in developed countries. Therefore and theoretically, the adoption of antitrust policies in developing countries might not rely on the model of developed countries. Poverty and market size play a fundamental role in identifying the right formulation of competition law and policy. Small economies face different issues than large economies, such as productive efficiency, that may lead small economies to a higher level of industry concentration and allow the achievement of some market power. This paper argues that although monopoly is regarded as a necessary evil for small economies, given their high market concentration nature, it should be properly regulated not based on anticompetitive conduct or intent, but rather on high prices, restricted output, or other specified trading practices. Also, the political economy obstacles to antitrust should be considered when adapting competition policy for developing countries. Two obstacles are often confronted. First, those who address public policies do not always adopt policies that fulfill social desire but rather favor certain limited players. Second, institutional incompetence and dependency weaken the effectiveness of competition. This paper argues in particular that Egyptian law and policy as it relates to antitrust policy was not properly designed to meet the best possible practice for developing countries which have led to the emergence of a well-known monopoly in the steel industry. This monopoly has been blamed for being the major reason behind the ongoing increases in real estate prices and as a result an increase in the average age of marriage.
School of Global Affairs and Public Policy
LLM in International and Comparative Law
Committee Member 1
Committee Member 2
Institutional Review Board (IRB) Approval
Not necessary for this item
Ghaly, H. A.
(2011).Competition law and policy in developing countries: The case of the Egyptian steel monopoly [Master's Thesis, the American University in Cairo]. AUC Knowledge Fountain.
Ghaly, Hany Abdel Massih. Competition law and policy in developing countries: The case of the Egyptian steel monopoly. 2011. American University in Cairo, Master's Thesis. AUC Knowledge Fountain.