Abstract

Recent advances in regenerative medicine have given hope in overcoming and rehabilitating complex medical conditions. In this regard, biomaterial scaffolds are employed to support cellular adhesion, elongation, and growth, thus promoting sound healing and restoration of function after trauma. The biopolymer poly-ε-caprolactone (PCL) may be a promising candidate for tissue regeneration, in this regard, although lacking essential bioactivity. The present study used PCL nanofibers (NFs) scaffold decorated with the extracellular matrix proteins fibronectin and laminin for neuronal regeneration. The potential for the combined proteins to support neuronal cells and promote axonal growth was investigated. Two NFs scaffolds were produced with concentrations of PCL: 12% or 15%. Under scanning electron microscopy, both scaffolds evidenced uniform diameter distribution in the range of 358 nm and 887 nm, respectively, and greater than 80% porosity. The Brunauer–Emmett–Teller test confirmed that the fabricated NFs mats had a high surface area, especially for the 12% NFs with 652 m2/g compared to 254 m2/g for the 15% NFs. Therefore, the 12% NFs was selected for further study. The proteins of interest were successfully conjugated to the PCL scaffold through chemical carbodiimide reaction as confirmed by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. Moreover, the in-vitro degradation test showed slow degradation rate. The addition of fibronectin and laminin together was shown to be the most favorable for cellular attachment and elongation of neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. Confocal light microscopy revealed longer neurite outgrowth, higher cellular projected area, and lower shape index for the cells cultured on the combined proteins conjugated fibers, indicating enhanced cellular spread on the scaffold. This preliminary study suggests that PCL scaffolding conjugated with matrix proteins can support neuronal cell viability and neurite growth, suggesting potential application in cases of spinal cord injury (SCI).

School

School of Sciences and Engineering

Department

Biotechnology Program

Degree Name

MS in Biotechnology

Graduation Date

6-10-2020

Submission Date

June 2020

First Advisor

Hassan A. N. Elfawal

Second Advisor

Nageh K. Allam

Committee Member 1

Salama, Mohamed

Committee Member 2

Farag, Mohamed M.

Extent

81 p.

Document Type

Master's Thesis

Rights

The author retains all rights with regard to copyright. The author certifies that written permission from the owner(s) of third-party copyrighted matter included in the thesis, dissertation, paper, or record of study has been obtained. The author further certifies that IRB approval has been obtained for this thesis, or that IRB approval is not necessary for this thesis. Insofar as this thesis, dissertation, paper, or record of study is an educational record as defined in the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) (20 USC 1232g), the author has granted consent to disclosure of it to anyone who requests a copy. The author has granted the American University in Cairo or its agents a non-exclusive license to archive this thesis, dissertation, paper, or record of study, and to make it accessible, in whole or in part, in all forms of media, now or hereafter known.

Institutional Review Board (IRB) Approval

Not necessary for this item

Comments

This work was financially supported by the American University in Cairo. Dr. Shahenda Elnaggar from 57357 hospital provided us with the neuroblastoma cell line.Al-Ghurair Foundation for Education and Allehedan Fellowship funded my study at AUC.

Available for download on Tuesday, September 19, 2023

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