Both Plato’s Republic and Ibn Tufayl’s Hayy Ibn Yaqzan explain to the reader how a spiritual journey can bring about an understanding of the Divine. However, both works also show us that the spiritual journey depends on an inquiry into the nature of the human soul as it engages in the process of learning. In the first chapter of the thesis, Plato’s Republic is explored, particularly in terms of the Allegory of the Cave, which suggests how the notion the Divine goes beyond everyday life experience. In the second chapter, Hayy Ibn Yaqzan is presented as a spiritual narrative that helps us view the importance of observation, leading to the knowledge of the natural world, the beginnings of self-discovery and meditations on the Divine. My conclusion argues that these two works help the reader understand the reality of the Divine through different conceptions of the soul, which imply different but comparable views of education.


English & Comparative Literature Department

Degree Name

MA in English & Comparative Literature

Graduation Date

Fall 10-26-2020

Submission Date

October 2020

First Advisor

Melaney, William

Second Advisor


Third Advisor


Committee Member 1

Moraw, Martin

Committee Member 2

Cooper, Samuel

Committee Member 3



50 p.

Document Type

Master's Thesis

Library of Congress Subject Heading 1

English and Comparative Literature


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