Nerida Mackey


International labor migration is one of Egypt’s economic development strategies, averaging an estimated twenty-two billion dollars in remittances in recent years, according to Egypt Daily News (Al-Aees, 2015). Although the participation of Egyptians in international migration for the purpose of work has mainly been dominated by men, there is a substantial handful of Egyptian women who independently participate in these migration flows. The Feminization of migration is still an unexplored and relatively new phenomenon in Egypt. Much of the discourse on Egyptian international labor migration has focused on men. Research on the effects of the women left behind by migrant men has been documented, but little recognition has been given to the women who return from having worked abroad. In this paper I examine the return of professional Egyptian women who temporarily worked in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) and the familial and social interpersonal relationships upon their return. By using narratives collected through structured interviews from 11 returned Egyptian women migrants who worked in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), and existing literature, this paper explores the relationship between stated subjectivities given by participants and the inherent details tied to their socio-economic profile. First, an exploratory factor analysis is carried out in order to reduce elements in obtaining a clear classification of the determinant of migration, return typologies and motivations, economic remittance behavior, and finally how existing cultural embeddedness before departure influence the social remittances upon return. This thesis aims to incorporate the culture and female variable to the discourse of international labor migration.


Sociology, Egyptology & Anthroplology Department

Degree Name

MA in Sociology-Anthropology

Graduation Date


Submission Date


First Advisor

Nazek Nosseir

Committee Member 1

Mona Abaza

Committee Member 2

Ayman Zohry


132 p.

Document Type

Master's Thesis


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Institutional Review Board (IRB) Approval

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