Hasnaa Essam


This qualitative study explores linguistic styles and mis/communication as they relate to gendered performance in the context of Egyptian caricature. Within this context, seventy-four illustrations from The Piece of Paper by Gawish (2015) are subjected to discourse analysis. This type of caricature, as an example of performed speech, represents the perceptions of a group of Egyptian men, the cartoonist and his team, in depicting gendered daily-life interactions. The study investigates styles to examine the linguistic choices based on social groups such as women and men (Eckert and Rickford 2002: 26), and it explores gendered similarities as well as differences. The study focuses on social perceptions reflected in performed interactions for the significant relationship between perceptions and language practices in natural interactions (Tannen 1994: 139). It reveals the significance of the gendered use of the style of affective functions. Women are displayed as using more affective functions than men do. Women are shown to use more stylistic devices including asking questions, indirectness, verbal aggressiveness and repetition than men do. The image of miscommunication caused by the style of affective functions and its devices is clearly portrayed. Women are depicted as using physical aggressiveness against men, signifying the influence of affective functions and its devices on miscommunication. This study develops a deeper understanding of the overall picture of gender and language production in Egyptian Arabic.


Applied Linguistics Department

Degree Name

MA in Teaching Arabic as a Foreign Language

Graduation Date


Submission Date

July 2018

First Advisor

Taha, Zeinab

Committee Member 1

Bassiouney, Reem, Hassan, Mona


80 p.

Document Type

Master's Thesis


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Institutional Review Board (IRB) Approval

Approval has been obtained for this item


This piece of work that is the beginning of my journey as a young researcher is totally dedicated to my original source of inspiration; to each member in the Essam family including my parents, sisters, brother, nieces and nephews. I dedicate this thesis to the precious name of my father, to “Essam” whom I cannot give his full name to my future children, but I can document it one day in history, attempting to honor my dearest mother and father. This is the beginning of no ending…....