This study looks at the relationship and dynamics of interaction between human rights NGOs and networks of activists belonging to three social movements. Three NGOs are studied as case studies in their relationship with networks of activists belonging to three social movements; students' rights movements, anti-sexual violence and harassment groups, and new engaged urban initiatives. The study explores the relationship between both to identify their motivations, features, and foundations. It also explores other stakeholders' impact on the relationship mainly state institutions. The study also looks at the dynamics of the relationship given the organizational, professional, and institutionalized nature of NGOs as opposed to the non-structured, voluntarily, non-institutionalized nature of network of activists within social movements. The study focuses on the three years from 2011-2013, it tackles the development of the relationship starting from January 25th revolution and ends by the referendum over the new constitution of 2014 that marked the beginning of a new political era in Egypt. The study concludes that NGOs and networks of activists within social movements have a cooperative relationship in which both actors are aware of their different roles. It identifies the dynamics governing the relationship in light of a power imbalance between the NGOs and the non-structured networks of activists. The study also concludes that the restrictive legal environment around civil society in Egypt interrupted the pre-mature relationship between NGOs and all groups of activists within social movements and its further development.


Public Policy & Administration Department

Degree Name

MA in Public Policy

Graduation Date


Submission Date

May 2015

First Advisor

Amin, Khaled Zakria

Committee Member 1

Hamzawy, Amr

Committee Member 2

Barsoum, Ghada


51 p.

Document Type

Master's Thesis

Library of Congress Subject Heading 1

Egypt -- History -- Protests, 2011-

Library of Congress Subject Heading 2

Non-governmental organizations -- Egypt -- 21st century.


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Institutional Review Board (IRB) Approval

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