The Mubarak Kohl Initiative – now called the Dual Education System is considered as one of the most successful intervention of active labor market programs (ALMPs) in Egypt. The Dual Education Program offers a unique type of education that includes on-the-job training. Students can learn, work and earn in addition to a guaranteed job opportunity upon graduation. The blue collar category is normally the poor people who suffer from a low social standard as well as low income. The Dual Education System mainly targets technical and vocational workers to promote their living standard. Technical and Vocational Education in Egypt occupies the least governmental attention in regards to its improvement and budget allocation. This thesis will give an overview on governmental expenditure on technical and vocational education in Egypt. Also, it will point out the importance of the Dual Education System initiative in promoting the vocational and technical professions in Egypt and providing better job opportunities for its graduates and how far this is actually accomplished in reality and the key behind the project's sustainability. It will also point out the main lessons to be learnt from the Dual Education System, how it can be replicated by other interventions and how the program is evolving in its current scale-up phase. It will also show why preparatory students join the Dual Education System although they do not intend to continue in technical and vocational jobs.


Public Policy & Administration Department

Graduation Date


Submission Date

May 2013

First Advisor

Barsoum, Ghada

Committee Member 1

Ali, Hamid

Committee Member 2

Amin, Khaled


60 p.

Document Type

Master's Thesis

Library of Congress Subject Heading 1

Dual enrollment -- Egypt -- 21st century.

Library of Congress Subject Heading 2

Education -- Egypt -- 21st century.


The author retains all rights with regard to copyright. The author certifies that written permission from the owner(s) of third-party copyrighted matter included in the thesis, dissertation, paper, or record of study has been obtained. The author further certifies that IRB approval has been obtained for this thesis, or that IRB approval is not necessary for this thesis. Insofar as this thesis, dissertation, paper, or record of study is an educational record as defined in the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) (20 USC 1232g), the author has granted consent to disclosure of it to anyone who requests a copy.

Institutional Review Board (IRB) Approval

Approval has been obtained for this item


First, I would like to thank my parents for their loving support and encouragement. I’m thankful to my family and friends for their sincere support, and everyone who participated in the data collection through interviews. Secondly, I truly acknowledge my supervisor, Dr. Ghada Barsoum for her help and support throughout my work. I’m grateful to Dr. Jennifer Bremer for her understanding and patience and for her guidance in putting the basics for my thesis. I would also like to thank my readers Dr. Hamid Ali and Dr. Khaled Amin. In addition, I would like to thank Mr. Atef Malak, the Dual Education System administrator; Mr. Ragab Shaaban who has been a great advisor and mentor through this thesis and helped me in a number of ways. I’m also thankful to the supporting staff at CAPMAS who have taken the time from their busy schedules to meet for interviews and have been more than supportive of this thesis.