Wars kill, destroy, cause havoc and leave lasting impacts on the societies affected. Infants and children are particularly susceptible to these shocks. This thesis looked at whether there is a differential impact across different types of war (civil and international) on child mortality rates among children in different age groups (neonatal, post neonatal, infant, ages 1-5, and under-5). An unbalanced dynamic panel dataset, from 155 countries covering a period of 30 years (1970-1999) was used in this analysis. The empirical results showed that international war contributed more to the rise of neonatal mortality than did civil war. Conversely, civil war had a greater impact on post neonatal, infant mortality, ages 1 to 5 and under 5 mortality rates, than did international war. A robust analysis was conducted using dynamic panel data analysis, which showed that the relationship between infant and child mortality and conflict, holds. Policy recommendations are made to develop strategies for interventions in the reduction of neonatal mortality especially in the presence of international wars.


Public Policy & Administration Department

Graduation Date


Submission Date

January 2012

First Advisor

Ali, Hamid

Second Advisor

Bremer, Jennifer



Document Type

Master's Thesis

Library of Congress Subject Heading 1

Children -- Mortality -- Egypt -- Statistics.

Library of Congress Subject Heading 2

Infants -- Mortality -- Egypt -- Statistics.


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Institutional Review Board (IRB) Approval

Not necessary for this item


I would like to express my sincere gratitude to my supervisor Dr. Hamid E. Ali for his continuous support, patience and guidance throughout my MPPA program. With his encouragement, enthusiasm, constructive comments, good company and love for economics, he made the completion of this thesis possible. I also wish to express my warm and sincere thanks to Dr. Jennifer Ann Bremer for her sound advice, insightful comments, and who taught us not to be afraid of numbers. Her extensive discussions around my work have been very helpful for this study. My warm thanks are due to Dr. Ghada Barsoum, who was present for my defense while sick with food poisoning. Her kind support and guidance throughout my MPPA program have been of great value. I am greatly indebted to my fellow student colleagues, for the stimulating discussions and for making my experience at AUC a fun and interesting environment in which to grow and learn. I am especially grateful to Ray Wung, Anthony Geoffrey Achayo Koma, Shueyb Mohammad, and Omnia Ahmed, for their support and friendship. Filly, I am greatly indebted to my old friend Sarthak K. Pal for his loving and unwavering support. The fincial support of the African Graduate Fellowship is gratefully acknowledged.