Abstract

Power Management is considered one of the hot topics nowadays, as it is already known that all integrated circuits need a stable supply with low noise, a constant voltage level across time, and the ability to supply large range of loads. Normal batteries do not provide those specifications. A new concept of energy management called energy harvesting is introduced here. Energy harvesting means collecting power from ambient resources like solar power, Radio Frequency (RF) power, energy from motion...etc. The Energy is collected by means of a transducer that directly converts this energy into electrical energy that can be managed by design to supply different loads. Harvested energy management is critical because normal batteries have to be replaced with energy harvesting modules with power management, in order to make integrated circuits fully autonomous; this leads to a decrease in maintenance costs and increases the life time. This work covers the design of an energy harvesting system focusing on micro-scale solar energy harvesting with power management. The target application of this study is a Wireless Sensor Node/Network (WSN) because its applications are very wide and power management in it is a big issue, as it is very hard to replace the battery of a WSN after deployment. The contribution of this work is mainly shown on two different scopes. The first scope is to propose a new tracking technique and to verify on the system level. The second scope is to propose a new optimized architecture for switched capacitor based power converters. At last, some future recommendations are proposed for this work to be more robust and reliable so that it can be transfered to the production phase. The proposed system design is based on the sub-threshold operation. This design approach decreases the amount of power consumed in the control circuit. It can efficiently harvest the maximum power possible from the photo-voltaic cell and transfer this power to the super-capacitor side with high efficiency. It shows a better performance compared to the literature work. The proposed architecture of the charge pump is more efficient in terms of power capability and knee frequency over the basic linear charge pump topology. Comparison with recent topologies are discussed and shows the robustness of the proposed technique.

Department

Electronics & Communications Engineering Department

Degree Name

MS in Electronics & Communication Engineering

Date of Award

2-1-2014

Online Submission Date

January 2014

First Advisor

Ismail, Yehea

Committee Member 1

Abou-di, Mohamed

Committee Member 2

Swilam, Mohamed

Document Type

Thesis

Extent

111 p.

Library of Congress Subject Heading 1

Wireless sensor networks.

Library of Congress Subject Heading 2

Energy harvesting.

Rights

The author retains all rights with regard to copyright. The author certifies that written permission from the owner(s) of third-party copyrighted matter included in the thesis, dissertation, paper, or record of study has been obtained. The author further certifies that IRB approval has been obtained for this thesis, or that IRB approval is not necessary for this thesis. Insofar as this thesis, dissertation, paper, or record of study is an educational record as defined in the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) (20 USC 1232g), the author has granted consent to disclosure of it to anyone who requests a copy.

IRB

Not necessary for this item

Comments

I would like to thank sincerely my thesis advisors Professor Hassan Mostafa and Professor Yehea Ismail for guiding me throughout the research work. They support me all the way with their great research experience. They are always eager to discuss any design problems. Their design decisions are very effective to deliver this quality of work. I would like to thank them also for discussing issues related to research directions, job decisions and paper submission. This work would never be finished without their assistance. I would like to thank Professor Yehea Ismail for giving me the opportunity to take an internship position at Intel,Oregon where I learned a great design experience in the field of Alog/Mixed-Sigl design, and also Thanks for providing the best research environment at the Center of noelectronics and Devices (CND).

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