Abstract

Portland Cement Pervious Concrete (PCPC) is an innovative type of concrete that contains little or no fine aggregates thus creating a substantial void content which allows concrete to be water permeable. PCPC thus can be used for drainage, recharging groundwater, reducing storm water and possibly filtering some pollutants. Proper employment of PCPC has been recognized by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as a Best Management Practice. Yet, this type of concrete has not been yet considered in the Egyptian market. This study aims primarily at producing PCPC using local materials and achieving better understanding of mechanical properties, durability and potential applications. To meet that objective, concrete mixtures were prepared using 250, 350 and 450 kg of cement with different aggregates gradations, plasticizing admixtures, and silica fume. Fresh concrete tests as well as compressive and flexural strength tests were conducted. Water flow, chloride permeability, chemical durability, resistance to elevated temperature, and the potential of water purification and reduction of bacteria were examined. The results of this study investigation reveal that the PCPC can be produced using local materials and allow sizable flow of water throughout. PCPC has undergone a reduction of strength up to 48% when compared with conventional concrete. However, the reduction in strength still allows concrete to be produced at the lower bound of permits many of these mixtures to be used in structural concrete. Moreover, PCPC seems to possess a potential for water purification particularly for oil/grease contaminants. PCPC have witnessed an average reduction of 98.6% of TSS, 92.2% of bacteria, and 14.6% of lead when 98% of used vehicle oil was removed from the simulated water sample. Further research works as well as pilot trials need to be conducted to explore the full potential of PCPC in concrete applications requiring permeability of fluids and some purification of pollutants. Keywords: Pervious Concrete, No-fines, Porous Concrete, Storm-Water Management, and Water Purification

Degree Name

MS in Construction Engineering

Date of Award

2-1-2014

Online Submission Date

July 2013

First Advisor

Abou-Zeid, Mohamed Nagib

Committee Member 1

Ghanem, Gouda

Committee Member 2

Imam, Emad

Document Type

Thesis

Extent

153 p.

Library of Congress Subject Heading 1

Portland cement.

Library of Congress Subject Heading 2

Concrete construction.

Rights

The author retains all rights with regard to copyright. The author certifies that written permission from the owner(s) of third-party copyrighted matter included in the thesis, dissertation, paper, or record of study has been obtained. The author further certifies that IRB approval has been obtained for this thesis, or that IRB approval is not necessary for this thesis. Insofar as this thesis, dissertation, paper, or record of study is an educational record as defined in the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) (20 USC 1232g), the author has granted consent to disclosure of it to anyone who requests a copy.

IRB

Approval has been obtained for this item

Share

COinS