Wesam Ali


Trans-boundary Rivers form an important context for relations between multiple sovereign states. The paper tackles the dynamics of a state’s behaviour, regarding trans-boundary Rivers, through time so that state relations are not a constant competition or cooperation. The paper responds to the behavioural changes amongst states by adopting a constructivist approach. By using constructivist approach, this paper argues that legal norms are generated through interactions and communications between states. Multiple criteria include political, geographic, economic, and legal contexts determine state relations. The Indus and Euphrates basins demonstrate how legal norms are determined by each state subject to their geographic, economic and political conditions. The paper concludes that the economic interest is a key variable towards cooperation between riparian states. The most significant message of the thesis, obviously, if the national interests of states in question are willing to explore common ground of incentives, particularly economic incentives between riparian states, then cooperation will be more likely.


Law Department

Degree Name

LLM in International and Comparative Law

Graduation Date


Submission Date

November 2015

First Advisor

Sayed, Hani

Committee Member 1

Mousa, Jasmine

Committee Member 2

Beckett, Jason


59 p.

Document Type

Master's Thesis


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Institutional Review Board (IRB) Approval

Approval has been obtained for this item