This study investigates whether the necessary preconditions for applying a citizen-centered approach exist in the relationship between Egyptian citizens abroad and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (represented by diplomatic missions abroad). It also explores ways of making the bureaucracy more prepared for applying this new approach in an attempt to enhance consular service provision, and to rebuild the lost trust between Egyptians abroad and the Egyptian government. The study showed that even though there are continuous interactions between citizens abroad and diplomatic missions, the communication pattern between the two sides is still in the information stage, and has not moved to the consultation or active participation stage. The decision-making cycle within the Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding consular services reveals that even though ministry employees try to incorporate citizens' demands while formulating laws or designing consular services, citizens are not directly involved in the process. The study also showed that both sides of the relationship, ministry employees and citizens, have trust issues with each other. Recommendations were made regarding the steps that the ministry should take to enhance participation of citizens abroad in the design and evaluation of consular services, and regarding the changes that should occur on a wider scope in the government as a whole to support citizen participation in decision-making.


Public Policy & Administration Department

Degree Name

MA in Public Administration

Graduation Date


Submission Date

May 2012

First Advisor

Bremer, Jennifer

Second Advisor

El Baradei, Laila



Document Type

Master's Thesis

Library of Congress Subject Heading 1

Diplomatic and consular service -- Egypt.

Library of Congress Subject Heading 2

Consuls -- Egypt -- Government policy.


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Institutional Review Board (IRB) Approval

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