For the past few decades, Egyptian-American relations had been established on the cornerstone that is the Camp David Accords. It codified a peace treaty between Israel and Egypt, the first Arab country to recognize Israel’s existence officially. This Egyptian-American relationship had started a long time after Nasser had broken ties with the Americans and backed the Soviet Union. Since then, all Egyptian Presidents since Sadat’s peace negotiations with Israel had maintained a steady relationship with the United States. Even when comparing two American Presidents from different political factions of the United States political arena, Republican George Bush and Democrat Barack Obama, the resulting foreign policy always seem to carry the same core aim of stabilizing and securing US interests vis-à-vis Egypt. The question here is why the US would support such regimes that were clearly against what the US would regard as human rights, or American values, or dignified democratic ideals that the world should abide by? The argument of the thesis is based on 2 levels of analysis: the international and the individual.The hypothesis of this thesis is that the decisions that were made were done in order to maintain and sustain US-Egyptian relations under any circumstances without regards to the type of rulers of Egypt who all have been labeled by numerous human rights organizations as authoritarian, not completely democratic and not in line with what the US values represents as it will be elaborated upon over the next coming chapters. Corruption, police brutality, oppression and aggressive treatment of demonstrations have been what Egypt is characterized of the past few years. Employing defensive realists techniques to solve Egyptian problem while trying to counter the challenge of a China and Russia rising in power and influence with the US being the great power that needs to address this challenge meant that the United States was interested in decreasing aggression in the Middle East to address the international structure pressure to deal with China and Russia.
Political Science Department
MA in Political Science
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Committee Member 2
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(2015).Egyptian-American Relations Under Obama’s Presidency: A Defensive Realist Analysis [Master's Thesis, the American University in Cairo]. AUC Knowledge Fountain.
Abdoun, Karim. Egyptian-American Relations Under Obama’s Presidency: A Defensive Realist Analysis. 2015. American University in Cairo, Master's Thesis. AUC Knowledge Fountain.