Abstract

n the aftermath of the Arab Spring, with the success of the Political Islam movements to seize power in some countries, such as Egypt and Tunisia, the problematic of the Islamic state was raised and ignited serious conflict between Islamists and seculars. Nevertheless, another hidden conflict seems to begin simultaneously in the camp of the Islamists itself between the Wahhabism and the Muslim Brotherhood, the two major Sunni Islamic movements. Each of them calls for a different model of the Islamic state. The Wahhabi ideology adopts a traditional state model, based on traditional legitimacy, centralized hierarchical power, and patriarchal form of state-society relationship. In contrast, The Muslim Brotherhood took a more adaptive approach, blending modern Western political thought with the Islamic tradition. Therefore, the research question was: what are the differences between the Islamic state model in the Wahhabi ideology and the models adopted by the Muslim Brotherhood? And why these differences are perceived by the Wahhabi regime as dangerous and perverted doctrines? In conclusion, the Muslim Brotherhood’s theories of the Islamic state seem to be in stark contrast with the Wahhabi model, regarding: the constitutional order, the mode of legitimacy, the power structure and distribution, and the pattern of citizenship. Both Muslim Brotherhood versions: the democratic and the radical, represent a direct threat on the authoritarian conservative model of the Wahhabi ideology. Therefore, the fears of emergence of a new Sunni Islamic state model that may de-legitimize the Saudi regime are responsible for this negative Saudi stance from the Muslim Brotherhood ideology.

Department

Political Science Department

Degree Name

MA in Political Science

Date of Award

2-1-2014

Online Submission Date

January 2015

First Advisor

Ezzat, Heba Raouf

Committee Member 1

El Sherif, Ashraf

Committee Member 2

Hamada, Amal

Document Type

Thesis

Extent

142 p.

Library of Congress Subject Heading 1

Wahhābīyah.

Library of Congress Subject Heading 2

Jamʻīyat al-Ikhwān al-Muslimīn (Egypt) -- History.

Rights

The author retains all rights with regard to copyright. The author certifies that written permission from the owner(s) of third-party copyrighted matter included in the thesis, dissertation, paper, or record of study has been obtained. The author further certifies that IRB approval has been obtained for this thesis, or that IRB approval is not necessary for this thesis. Insofar as this thesis, dissertation, paper, or record of study is an educational record as defined in the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) (20 USC 1232g), the author has granted consent to disclosure of it to anyone who requests a copy.

IRB

Not necessary for this item

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