The irregular migration of Egyptian unaccompanied minors to Italy is a recent development within the migration flow between the two countries. The alarming rate of increase since 2007 of Egyptian boys under the age of 18 arriving in Italy unaccompanied and the lack of information explaining this phenomenon necessitated research in the field. The study reviews the reasons behind this type of migration, recent policy developments in both countries, the problems experienced by the social workers and managers of the boys in Italy, and the dilemmas facing the boys because of this migration. The study relied mainly on primary sources for its findings. Literature on unaccompanied minors in other parts of the world and studies on irregular Egyptian migration to Italy provided the background context. The main objective was to provide an analysis of this recent and largely undocumented phenomenon. The study reviews the official policies on both sides of the Mediterranean from the perspectives of both policy makers and implementers. In addition, the study looks into push/pull factors that encourage the irregular migration of both adults and minors alike. In relation to the Egyptian minors themselves, the study focuses on how they perceive their circumstances; why and how they ended up in their circumstances in Italy; what hurdles they faced and how they managed to overcome them; and last, what both the Egyptian and Italian governments have been doing to manage this phenomenon.


Center for Migration and Refugee Studies

Degree Name

MA in Migration & Refugee Studies

Graduation Date


Submission Date

December 2010

First Advisor

Jureidini, Ray



Document Type

Master's Thesis

Library of Congress Subject Heading 1

Egypt -- Emigration and immigration -- Economic aspects.

Library of Congress Subject Heading 2

Italy -- Emigration and immigration -- Social aspects.


The author retains all rights with regard to copyright. The author certifies that written permission from the owner(s) of third-party copyrighted matter included in the thesis, dissertation, paper, or record of study has been obtained. The author further certifies that IRB approval has been obtained for this thesis, or that IRB approval is not necessary for this thesis. Insofar as this thesis, dissertation, paper, or record of study is an educational record as defined in the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) (20 USC 1232g), the author has granted consent to disclosure of it to anyone who requests a copy.

Institutional Review Board (IRB) Approval

Not necessary for this item