Refugees are considered a vulnerable population. As they lack protection from their own countries, it leaves them in need of international protection. This protection is carried out under the international refugee regime which is based on general international human rights law as well as the more refugee-specific international refugee law, both of which strive to ensure human rights protection. Refugee camps are set up as temporary methods of providing protection while durable solutions are sought. However, in recent times, this temporariness is brought into question as protractedness has grown to become a common feature of most refugee situations. The resulting reality is that refugees end up living in camps for longer and longer periods of time. Therefore, it is safe to assume that when refugee camps meet protracted refugee situations, a clash between temporariness and permanence is bound to exist. This thesis aims to explore the effect of this clash has on the refugees in terms of human rights protection. Economic, social and cultural rights were concentrated on as they are believed to have a major impact on the quality of life which resonates with ensuring adequate protection. The analysis is done through drawing examples from different refugee camps around the world. This is followed by a discussion of the findings and suggestions on how refugee agency and participation can be utilized to minimize the effects of this clash of temporariness and permanence.


Center for Migration and Refugee Studies

Degree Name

MA in Migration & Refugee Studies

Graduation Date


Submission Date

January 2014

First Advisor

Parrs, Alexandra

Committee Member 1

tarajan, Usha

Committee Member 2

Ullah, AKM Ahsan


79 p.

Document Type

Master's Thesis

Library of Congress Subject Heading 1

Refugees -- Legal status, laws, etc.

Library of Congress Subject Heading 2

Refugees -- Protection -- Intertiol cooperation.


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Institutional Review Board (IRB) Approval

Approval has been obtained for this item


AUC African Graduate Fellowship