Center for Migration and Refugee Studies

Document Type

Research Article

Publication Title

Migration and Refugee Movements in the Middle East and North Africa

Publication Date



Jordan is a country of both immigration and emigration. It is a destination country for immigrant Arab workers,0F 1 foreign domestic workers, and migrant workers in Jordan's Qualified Zones (QIZs). Jordan has also witnessed considerable forced migration, primarily due to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and other conflicts. The country received Palestinian refugees after the creation of the State of Israel in 1948 and during the 1967 war, which resulted in Israeli occupation of the remaining parts of historical Palestine: the West Bank, from Jordan, and Gaza Strip, from Egypt. Jordan received a wave of Jordanians of Palestinian origin after the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait in the beginning of the 1990s. Most expected to stay only briefly, but after liberation, Kuwait did not allow them to resume their jobs. Jordan has also hosted hundreds of thousands of Iraqi refugees since the American invasion of Iraq in 2003. Jordanians fear that the Iraqis may remain for an extended period of time, as the Palestinians have remained for the past 60 years. Simultaneously, Jordan exports human expertise and skilled manpower to the other Arab countries, particularly the Gulf States, and to North America. This study aims at identifying Jordanian policy in regards to international migration from a human rights perspective, and shall cover the topic in four sections: Palestinians in Jordan, Iraqi refugees in Jordan, foreign workers in Jordan, and foreign domestic workers and foreign laborers in the Qualified Industrial Zones (QIZs).

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