Author's Department

Center for Migration and Refugee Studies

Document Type

Research Article

Publication Title

Migration and Refugee Movements in the Middle East and North Africa

Publication Date



This study looked at the prospects of assisted voluntary return among Sudanese migrants currently residing in Greater Cairo, Egypt. Its main objectives were to identify elements affecting the migration choices of Sudanese already residing in Egypt, especially their propensity to stay in Egypt, return to Sudan or move to a neighbouring country and to suggest components of a reinsertion programme that best suits the needs of potential returnees. This research project was commissioned by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and conducted by the Centre for Migration and Refugee Studies Program (CMRS) at the American University in Cairo. The project aimed to provide an analysis of the attitudes of the Sudanese population in Greater Cairo towards return and to gather demographic characteristics that affect migration choices. Using the knowledge gained, the project proposes a suitable framework for the anticipated reinsertion programme. There is limited research on or documentation of Sudanese migrants’ particular needs vis-à-vis their return despite the fact that statistical data indicates an increasing interest in return among this population. Thus, providing action-oriented research on this issue is a crucial step to ensure an effective, sustainable and smooth return operation.

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